Why did man first start to make music? Maybe he wanted to imitate the rhythm of nature? Did it turn out to be an essential part of the ancient rituals? Or maybe it was just entertainment?
During excavation works, archaeologists often find some remains of musical instruments. Scientists suspect that between 60,000 BC and 30,000 BC, at the time when people began to create art (wall paintings, clay figurines), they also started to generate sounds consciously.
The human voice was probably the first musical instrument. In order to obtain a clear rhythm, people used their hands – they clapped or hit two stones with each other. The instruments most frequently found by archaeologists include various types of flutes, whistles and pipes made of wood or animal bones. The oldest findings of such kind in Europe come from the Upper Paleolithic period (50,000 – 10,000 BC). One of them is ‘tjurunga’ (rotating cube), which is about 25,000 years old. It is a piece of string attached to a timber, often in the shape of ellipse which, while turning around, emits a loud, roaring sound. Harp is a much more complex instrument also rooted in prehistory. Perhaps, arc was its prototype that inspired ancient man with the sound of twitched chord.
Fortunately, instruments from tens of thousands of years ago can still be found by indigenous peoples. Therefore, we know quite a lot about the music of primitive peoples, but have so far failed to determine exactly when and for what purpose it was originally created.