Clone – in biology, a clone is defined as an organism having identical or nearly identical genetic material. Therefore, clones are not only the organisms obtained in the laboratory as a result of complex procedures, but also organisms created in the process of vegetative reproduction, such as bacteria, unicellular organisms, offshoots and plantlets.
Cloning – the procedure for obtaining organisms with the same genetic information. How is it done? You need to collect an egg cell from a donor (a female sheep, mouse or cat). Then you need to carefully remove the nucleus from the cell and collect another cell from the skin, udder or other tissue from another male or female donor of the same species (i.e. from another sheep, mouse or cat). This is the animal that will be cloned. From this cell, you also need to remove the cell nucleus and place it in the empty egg. The egg obtained in such a way needs to be treated with a gentle electric shock. The egg should begin to divide and grow into a multicellular embryo. At this stage, the embryo needs to be implanted into the uterus of a surrogate mother. If the pregnancy develops normally and the animal is born – we have a clone!